- 1 How to take Fluconazole for Thrush correctly?
- 2 Basic Information about Thrush
- 3 How does Diflucan (Fluconazole) work for Yeast Infection?
- 4 How to Treat a Thrush correctly with Fluconazole?
- 5 Treatment of Candidiasis (Yeast infection) with Diflucan
- 6 Diflucan Composition and Form of release
- 7 How does Diflucan work?
- 8 Effects of Diflucan for Thrush
- 9 Recommendations for the treatment of Diflucan:
- 10 Indications for Use
- 11 Method of Diflucan Application
- 12 Contraindications
- 13 Side effects of taking Diflucan
- 14 Analogs of Diflucan
- 15 How to Eat Correctly while a Yeast Infection?
- 16 Candidiasis or Thrush: General information
- 17 What can you Eat with Thrush and Yeast Infection?
How to take Fluconazole for Thrush correctly?
Thrush is a common fungal disease, provoked by Candida fungus. With this disease, millions of women all over the world face. Candidiasis also affects men and children.
A huge number of medicines have been developed for the treatment of thrush. One of these drugs is Fluconazole (Diflucan). What do you need to know about this medication before taking it? Can it be considered safe? What side effects can this drug have?
Basic Information about Thrush
If there are signs of a disease, you need to see a doctor and get a proper consultation. Only on the basis of appropriate tests and a full examination is prescribed a course of therapy. It is not recommended to choose drugs for treatment of thrush alone.
Any medicine used against candidiasis should be selected by a doctor.
To date, there are many medications, the use of which eliminates the symptoms of thrush. The most common is Diflucan (Fluconazole).
The woman’s organism is a vulnerable complex system. Banal stress, fatigue and a weakened immune system can trigger the development of diseases, in particular candidiasis. If there are certain conditions, the fungal infection begins to multiply actively, which leads to an acute stage of thrush.
Given the degree of infection, localization, health status, candidiasis can manifest itself in different ways.
As a rule, thrush is manifested by the following symptoms:
- burning, itching and discomfort;
- presence of white cheesy discharge;
- white coating;
- pain during sexual intercourse and urination.
Despite the fact that many carry a candidiasis to the gynecological area, the pathology can amaze the representatives of the two sexes. If the first signs of the disease are found, the treatment should be treated by both partners.
How does Diflucan (Fluconazole) work for Yeast Infection?
Before using Diflucan against yeast infection, it is necessary to read the instructions. Candles and tablets Fluconazole is a high-quality, highly effective medication with antifungal effect. Active component of the drug is Fluconazole. Symptoms of thrush pass almost immediately after taking Fluconazole. This is explained by the fact that the drug is able to inhibit the activity of those enzyme substances that are synthesized by the fungus, which violates their reproductive function.
The advantage of the drug is that it affects only the enzymes of the fungus, without touching healthy microorganisms. Fluconazole helps increase the permeability of cell walls.
With the correct use of tablets and suppositories, the number of subsequent relapses is markedly reduced. The exact dosage can be prescribed only by the attending physician. If necessary, the course of therapy can be adjusted.
Advantages of using Fluconazole in the treatment of yeast infection:
- very fast effect;
- convenient form of medicament;
- it can suffice a single reception;
- the effect extends to any type of thrush.
Currently, it is very popular to use capsules of Diflucan, but sometimes they are replaced with vaginal suppositories or tablets. It depends on the form of the disease and the severity of the symptoms.
This drug can be used by men in the treatment of balanitis candidiasis. Clinical picture: itching, curdled discharge and white coating on the head of the penis, foreskin. In acute form, as a rule, a single dose of 150 ml is sufficient.
How to Treat a Thrush correctly with Fluconazole?
You can take this medication after you have been appointed by your doctor. It is important to follow a strict treatment regimen, which is selected individually for each patient. To prevent the occurrence of side effects, overdose, you must follow the doctor’s instructions.
Diflucan (Fluconazole) is produced in the form of capsules with a dosage of 50 or 150 grams of active substance. The package contains one capsule.
The mild form of the thrush is treated with a single capsule of 150 mg.
If the form of pathology is severe, you need to take two capsules, namely 300 grams. Dosage is divided into two doses, between which must pass seventy-two hours.
A recurrent, chronic form of candidiasis needs a longer course. For this, 3 receptions of 150 grams are used with a difference of 72 hours.
As prevention, take 150 grams once a week for six months.
The use of the drug can be combined with eating.
Swallow the capsule whole, not liquid, squeezed with water.
In some cases, combination therapy is indispensable.
Side effects occur very rarely. To avoid an overdose, you must take Fluconazole as directed by your doctor. Fluconazole is not recommended during pregnancy, as the active ingredient of Fluconazole adversely affects the fetal development of the fetus.
This drug does not interact with contraception.
It is important to remember that thrush, like any other disease, breaks the habitual way of life. That’s why do not delay the treatment. At the first signs of candidiasis, consult a doctor and begin a course of therapy.
Treatment of Candidiasis (Yeast infection) with Diflucan
Diflucan is a medical preparation of the triazoles group, intended for the treatment of candidiasis (yeast infection) and other fungal diseases.
Mycosis is a common group of pathogens that affect various areas of the human body. Fungus does not know gender, age and social differences. When infecting with a fungus, it is important to consult a doctor as soon as possible and begin treatment without letting the mycosis develop and take root in the body.
Diflucan Composition and Form of release
Pharmaceutical companies produce Diflucan in the following forms:
- glass bottle (0.25-0.2L). Concentration of Fluconazole – 0.002 g / l;
- white powder for Diflucan suspension. Dosage: from 0.05 to 0.2 g;
- Capsules in white-turquoise shell with white or yellowish powder. Dosage: 50 mg, 150 mg and 200 mg.
Diflucan belongs to the clinical and pharmacological group of antifungal medications.
How does Diflucan work?
Diflucan is an effective tool for localization and destruction of pathogenic formations, which include the main types of fungi known to medicine:
- dermatophytes, affecting the scalp and horny layer of the epidermis;
- dimorphic fungi developing in both forms.
The main component of the drug Diflucan is fluconazole, inhibits the synthesis of sterols in fungal cells used to construct cell fungal membranes.
The main part of the active substance is excreted from the body throughout the day – it allows taking the drug every 24 hours.
Diflucan penetrates into the tissues of internal organs and is concentrated:
- in a secretion covering the epithelium of the bronchial tree;
- cerebrospinal fluid.
Also a large amount of fluconazole accumulates in the upper layer of the epidermis.
Effects of Diflucan for Thrush
Infection with thrush and development of candidiasis is associated with the stressful state of the body. Infection affects men, women, children.
Candida fungus, present in most people’s organisms, hitting in favorable conditions, begins to develop. The consequences of neglected thrush are sexual dysfunction, infertility. The drug Diflucan is prescribed for acute and chronic periods of the disease.
Recommendations for the treatment of Diflucan:
- the effectiveness of treatment of thrush depends on the timely treatment of a doctor and adherence to the recommendations of the therapist;
- take Diflucan in capsules, powder, ampoules for intravenous injections. Mandatory form of the drug for women – vaginal suppositories, for men – cream or gel;
- the dose of the drug depends on the severity and form of the disease. As a rule, the first “shock” dose is 400 mg. The following volumes are adjusted by the doctor depending on the nature of the course of the illness;
- Diflucan is used to treat infants by injecting the drug intravenously.
Despite the rapidly advancing effect after taking the first dose, the minimum treatment for thrush is at least two weeks.
Studies conducted in the treatment of thrush with the drug Diflucan showed no obvious side effects, so doctors recommend taking the drug at any age for candidiasis and other diseases of the genitourinary system.
Indications for Use
Diflucan is used in the treatment of the following fungal species:
- yeast infection of the oral cavity and larynx;
- genital and vaginal candidiasis, candida balanitis;
- endemic mycoses;
- fungus stop, inguinal area, skin, pityrious lichen;
- cryptococcosis and cryptococcal meningitis;
- disseminated candidiasis.
Diflucan is also prescribed as a preventative against fungi in patients with immunodeficiency syndrome and oncological diseases.
Method of Diflucan Application
Diflucan is taken orally and injected into the body by intravenous injection.
Treatment of the fungus begins before the result of the crop, with the subsequent correction of the course of therapy, after the completion of laboratory studies.
The choice of method of drug administration depends on the clinical condition of the patient.
Important! The rate of intravenous infusion should not exceed 10 ml per minute.
When switching from an injection to an oral route, the daily dose of the drug remains unchanged.
The injection solution includes 0.9% NaCL, which should be considered when intravenous administration of the drug to patients with limited sodium intake.
The norm of daily use of Diflucan depends on the form and severity of the diseases. So, with vaginal candidiasis, a single dose is used. Treatment of other types of mycoses continues until the visual and clinical consequences of the disease disappear, with subsequent confirmation of the results by laboratory analysis.
Application of Diflucan in Adults
Dosages and use of Diflucan in the treatment of fungal infections in adults:
1. Cryptococcal meningitis and infection. The first, a one-time dose of intake is 400 mg. Further, the drug is taken in a volume of 200-400 mg. once every 24 hours. The duration of therapy depends on the result obtained. The minimum duration of therapy is 1.5-2 months.
2. Fungal infections. The first day of treatment is 400 mg. Further – depending on the clinical picture of the disease.
3. Oropharyngeal candidiasis. The required dose is 50-100 mg per day, for one to two weeks. For patients with weakened immunity, a longer duration of treatment is prescribed.
4. Atrophic oral candidiasis, arising from the wearing of dentures: a dosage of 50 mg per day, for 14 days, in combination with local antiseptics.
5. Candidiasis, affecting mucous membranes: up to 100 mg for 24 hours. Duration of treatment is 14-30 days.
6. Vaginal candidiasis: a one-time dose of -150 mg. Duration of treatment: from 4 months to 1 year.
7. Fungal infection of the skin (fungus of the feet, skin, groin): the required volume of the drug is 150 mg, once every 7 days or 50 mg once every 24 hours. The duration of therapy is 40-60 days.
8. Abnormal lichen: it is necessary to take up to 300 mg once every 7 days. The course of treatment depriving – 14 days. Alternatively, 50 mg once every 24 hours for 14-30 days.
9. Onychomycosis (nail fungus): 150 mg once a week. Therapy of mycosis is continued until the infection of the nail is restored, within 3-12 months.
10. Deep mycosis of the skin and internal organs: 200-400 mg per day. The course of treatment is 1-2 years.
In the prevention of fungal infections, Diflucane is taken in doses: 50-400 mg (depending on the degree of risk of infection). Acceptance of the drug begins several days before the expected onset of the disease, and after detecting a neutrophil concentration of more than 1,000 units per mm3. The duration of prophylaxis is 7 days.
Diflucan for the Treatment of Children
Treatment of children from mycoses, as well as adults, depends on the clinical picture of the disease. As a rule, Diflucan is taken no more often than once a day, while the dose of the drug for children is several times smaller than that of adults:
1. When candidiasis of the mucosa in children, the recommended amount of the drug is 3 mg per 1 kg of body weight. Sometimes on the first day of treatment a double dose is prescribed.
2. When treating granulomatous candidiasis and cryptococcal infectious diseases, the dose of Diflucan is calculated depending on the weight: 6-12 mg per 1 kg. Take the drug once a day.
3. For infants (less than 2 months.), Due to the slow withdrawal of the drug from the body, Diflucan is prescribed in the same volumes, but with a large time interval (72 hours).
The use of the drug is contraindicated in the presence of an individual intolerance of the main component of fluconazole or other components.
Important! It is not recommended to use Diflucan with such drugs:
Contraindication to use can be pregnancy or lactation, because there is no data on the safety of the use of the drug in this period.
Side effects of taking Diflucan
For most patients, the course of treatment with Diflucan is safe and goes without effect, but side effects can also be observed:
- migraine attacks, dizziness, convulsions;
- allergic manifestations: abnormal hair loss, Stevens-Jones syndrome;
- disruption of the gastrointestinal tract and digestion, liver, toxic hepatitis;
- oppression hemopoiesis (hemopoiesis), anaphylactic shock;
- changes in blood pressure and worsening of the cardiovascular system;
- metabolic disorders: increased levels of glycerin and cholesterol, decreased potassium levels;
- allergic manifestations: itching, redness of the skin.
Analogs of Diflucan
Like most medications, Diflucan has analogues – similar in composition and method of action means. The use of analogues is justified if the prescribed drug is intolerant or if there is no drug in the pharmacies.
Substitutes of Diflucan:
This is an incomplete list of Diflucan analogs.
Each of these remedies has a number of features and side effects. Before using the analogue, instead of the prescribed drug, a doctor’s consultation is necessary.
How to Eat Correctly while a Yeast Infection?
It’s not a secret for anyone that food plays a huge role in a person’s life. This is the source of energy for life, and “building material” for our body and one of the mechanisms for obtaining pleasure. But this is not all. It has long been established by scientists that if certain conditions are met, those foods that we eat can act, if not medicine, then at least they can help cure many diseases.
In medicine, even developed a special science of proper nutrition – diet therapy. In general terms, this definition can be given: it is the use of specially formulated diets and food regimes for therapeutic or prophylactic purposes.
Such therapeutic rations or nutrition schemes are made for many widely known diseases of the digestive system, allergic diseases and many others. Did not bypass diet therapy with your attention and thrush. To date, compiled diet options that help fight candidiasis.
Candidiasis or Thrush: General information
Candidiasis or Thrush is a disease caused by yeast-like fungi of the Candida family. These fungi normally inhabit the mucous membranes of the body and belong to the so-called conditionally pathogenic microflora.
In people, this disease was given a well-known nickname – “thrush”, due to the fact that one of the main clinical signs of candidiasis are milky white discharge with a characteristic sour smell, similar to cottage cheese.
Depending on the localization of the pathogenic process, different clinical variants of candidiasis are distinguished, namely:
- candidiasis of the oral cavity or oral candidiasis;
- candidiasis of the intestine;
- candidiasis of the skin;
- candidiasis of the vagina and vulva in women or vulvovaginal candidiasis;
- candidiasis in men – candidiasis balanitis or candidiasis balanoposthitis.
With this classification, the determining point is the place where the thrush occurs. By the duration of the course, candidiasis is acute, i.e. lasting up to two months and characterized by a typical clinical picture and chronic, when the exacerbation occurs at least four times a year and more often.
But, whatever localization there would be a candidiasis, the basic principles of its treatment remain unchanged. Most importantly, it is to carry out etiotropic treatment, i.e. The therapy should be directed to the destruction of the yeast-like fungus. For this, a number of antibacterial preparations, called antifungal preparations, have been synthesized.
The application of the principles of therapeutic nutrition in the fight against various variants of thrush involves several general rules. First, the diet should contain a sufficient amount of protein, essential amino acids, vitamins and trace elements.
Secondly, it is necessary to reduce the volume of fast-acting carbohydrates, because they are a universal “fuel” for a yeast-like fungus.
And, thirdly, it is necessary to include in your diet products containing probiotics, that is, a useful microflora. Such products include sour-milk products, soft cheeses, yoghurts. Let us consider in more detail the options for therapeutic nutrition for various types of candidiasis.
As a result, the digestive system suffers, which is felt in the form of discomfort in the abdomen, possibly, weakness, rapid fatigue, etc. As you can see, these symptoms are not specific, so it is important to seek medical help in a timely manner. If to you have diagnosed – a candidiasis of an intestine, in your forces “to help” an organism to cope with this unpleasant condition, having excluded a number of products from the ration.
Such products include easily digestible carbohydrates and sugars. Nutrition for candidiasis of the intestine, recommends the exclusion of:
- fruit of sweet varieties;
- store fruit juices;
- sweet fizzy drinks;
- flour and pasta;
- confectionery, honey, sugar;
- alcoholic beverages;
- blue cheese.
These products promote the growth and reproduction of the fungus in the intestine.
What can you Eat with Thrush and Yeast Infection?
It is advisable to include in your diet:
- meat, poultry, fish, eggs;
- vegetables in which the starch content is minimal – zucchini, cucumbers, spinach, beans, colored and white cabbage, Bulgarian pepper, broccoli, asparagus, arugula;
- onion garlic;
- fruits with a low carbohydrate content (apricots, strawberries, watermelon, blueberries, peaches);
- fermented milk products – kefir, yogurt, etc., while fresh milk is undesirable, since milk sugar is food for the fungus.
It is also necessary to reduce the consumption of strong tea and coffee, since the substances contained in these drinks slow the action of antifungal drugs. It is important to remember that in the process of treatment, the liver is under heavy load, so for the period of treatment it is necessary to exclude pickles, smoked products, marinades, canned food, as well as fatty meat.
It is very rare to encounter candida of the esophagus, with this pathology should adhere to the above rules.
Principles of diet in candidiasis of the skin differ little from nutrition with other types of thrush. The first and the main rule is the normalization of the glucose level in the blood. To do this, you must limit the use of fast carbohydrates and alcohol. It is desirable to include in your diet foods rich in natural antibacterial and antifungal substances.
These include spices, often used in our country. This is garlic, pepper, cumin, oregano. Try to use these spices more often in your dishes, and your body will get an additional “weapon” in the fight against the fungus.
Thrush in men is not as common as in women, but it is also unpleasant. The relative scarcity of the occurrence of candidiasis of male genital organs is explained by the relatively low susceptibility of the male organism to the candidates. In addition to the main treatment aimed at removing the yeast-like fungus from the body, diet therapy is successfully used.
Diet for candidiasis in men obeys the basic principles of dietotherapy of candidiasis. The key is to limit the use of so-called fast carbohydrates. Do not forget, easily digestible carbohydrates, in particular sugars, contribute to increased reproduction of the fungus.
It is also recommended to exclude from your diet semi-finished products, fast food or fast food. At the same time, it is necessary to diversify nutrition by including foods rich in dietary fiber and fiber, vitamins.
To make oil, you need to crush a few cloves of garlic and pour them with 20 grams of refined vegetable oil. To obtain garlic water, the same amount of garlic is poured into 0.5 liters of boiled water and insist for 24 hours. Both of these tools are recommended for external use.
Diet in candidiasis includes an interesting recipe with cones of juniper, while 15 grams of cones are filled with a glass of boiling water and insisted for 24 hours. Take recommended for 1 tablespoon 3 times daily before meals.
Is it possible to prevent the occurrence of thrush with a diet? Yes, it is possible. To do this, you need to diversify your diet with sour-milk products, vegetables and fruits high in fiber and fiber. It is necessary to limit the use of fast food, convenience foods, easily digestible carbohydrates.
Summarizing, we would like to note once again that candidiasis is a multifaceted disease, which at first sight is easy to defeat. The key to success in the treatment of thrush, no matter what form it takes, is a timely call to the doctor. A qualified specialist will help you overcome this ailment, including, with the use of the principles of therapeutic nutrition. Be healthy!