Treatment of oral candidiasis in adults
In the body of each person there are fungal microorganisms in limiting amounts. Under certain conditions these fungi can begin to multiply intensively, which leads to such diseases as intestinal candidiasis, stomatitis, vaginal dysbacteriosis.
Thrush can be triggered by a number of factors. To avoid this disease, you need to know what can affect the growth of infection, how to deal with candidiasis and what preventive measures should be taken after treatment.
Candidiasis of the oral cavity: what is it?
Candidiasis of the mouth – a pathology, provoked by yeast-like fungi of the genus Candida. It should be noted that the mucosa of the oral cavity is inhabited by mushrooms represented by saprophytes. Candidiasis of the oral cavity has different localization: root canals, caries cavities, and parts of the mucous membrane.
Before you know how the oral candidiasis is treated, you should find out the causes of the disease. In most cases, the disease affects children, but it can also occur in women and men. Fungus manifests itself in the event that there is a favorable atmosphere. Often the cause of thrush in the oral cavity is a weakened immune system. Candidiasis in the mouth is manifested against a background of hormonal imbalance, immunodeficiency.
Thrush in the mouth in adults can be a consequence of the following pathological conditions:
- diabetes, tuberculosis;
- hyper or hypofunction of the adrenal glands;
- hypoparathyroidism and hypothyroidism;
- pathology of the gastrointestinal tract;
- achilles, gastritis and ulcer with low acidity.
At any disturbances in carbohydrate metabolism, a favorable environment is created for the development and active manifestation of thrush in the oral cavity. If thrush in the mouth has passed into a chronic form, you need to monitor such an indicator as glucose to exclude the presence of diabetes.
It is important to note that candidiasis of the oral cavity may be a consequence of the continued use of cytostatics, corticosteroids, since they contribute to suppression of immunity. The weakened protective functions of the organism noticeably strengthen and stimulate the virulence of the fungi. As the reasons for candidiasis of the oral cavity, it can be noted: improper and unbalanced nutrition, frequent stressful and stressful situations, non-compliance with proper oral hygiene.
Symptoms and signs of candidiasis of the oral mucosa
You should to know that the symptoms of candidiasis can be similar to the clinical picture of other diseases. For this reason, if you find signs of thrush, you should not start treatment yourself. It is necessary to consult a doctor who, on the basis of examination and analysis, will be able to diagnose correctly and prescribe an effective course of therapy.
The main symptoms and signs of candidiasis of the oral mucosa are:
- excessive dryness;
- the presence of small ulcers, unbearable itching and burning, intense pain;
- on the lips, tongue, palate and cheeks may be present curdled white coating;
- when running cases, plaques form from the plaque, which can block the pharynx, tonsils;
- redness and excessive soreness of the mucosa;
- signs of difficulty swallowing, pain and perspiration;
- sometimes subfebrile body temperature rises;
- bloody aftertaste;
Treatment of thrush in the mouth in adults begins after the attending physician makes an appropriate diagnosis and confirms the presence of such a disease. To quickly get rid of thrush (candidiasis of the oral mucosa), it is important to follow all the doctor’s recommendations.
Specificity of oral candidiasis therapy
To treat oral candidiasis is necessary under strict doctor control. In this case, self-medication can only harm and aggravate the disease. An important role is played by the local method in combination with other methods of treatment. Also, it is necessary to use the appropriate medications that can stop unpleasant sensations, discomfort, and also restore those tissues that damaged the fungus.
For candidiasis of the oral cavity, the treatment suggests using:
- various aerosols;
- rinsing and lubrication;
- Special gels with a dental purpose;
Knowing how to treat thrush in your mouth, you can avoid many complications and health problems. For example, the excellent anesthetic drug, which also stops the development of microbes, is Holisal. After each meal, the oral cavity should be cleaned using one of the reliable antiseptic agents such as Diflucan, Mikomax, Fluconazole and Ketoconazole.
Sanguirythrin can be used for newborn infants. A combination of 10 percent solution of borax in glycerin with Lugol is considered to be an effective and safe means. In addition, daily rinse your mouth using calendula, manganese, furacilin or infusion of chamomile.
Systemic therapy helps to cope with the yeast-like fungus quickly and effectively. As a rule, doctors prescribe:
- Diflucan – Fluconazole.
- Polyene – Amphotericin B, Nystatin, Levorin and Natamycin.
- Echinocandin – Caspofungin.
- Allylamine – Lamisil and Terbinafine.
It is imperative to strengthen the immune system. For this purpose, they drink vitamins, various trace elements. Most often, these are probiotics, calcium gluconate, immunomodulators and iron preparations.
Diet in the treatment of oral candidiasis
A correct and balanced diet with candidiasis of the oral cavity is 50% of the success of the entire treatment course. Dietotherapy does not mean banal refusal of certain foods, but planned therapy based on strict eating at the same time. In this period it is important to observe the routine, not to exceed and not to reduce the permissible norm of minerals, carbohydrates per day.
The purpose of the diet during the treatment of a fungal disease is to strengthen the immunity at the expense of useful products. The course of therapy and diet is from 2 to 4 weeks.
Permitted to use:
- porridge, seeds and nuts;
- greens, fruits and vegetables;
- lean meat, fish and liver;
- herbal teas, freshly squeezed juices;
- baking without yeast;
- olive, coconut oil;
- fermented milk products.
It is forbidden to use:
- coffee, tea and alcoholic beverages;
- smoked products, mushrooms;
- dishes with vinegar;
- ketchup, sauces, mayonnaise, spices;
- confectionery, baking;
Baking create optimal conditions for the active reproduction of Candida.
In case of symptoms of fungal pathology, immediately consult a doctor to take the necessary measures in time and avoid relapses.